Structure of an abstract:
Word Count: 250 words
Original articles, research
articles, diagnostic and analytical accuracy research and Audit, innovation.
A structured abstract shall consist of following headings:
Present a background for the study. State the purpose or objective of the study.
the hypothesis and the requirement of the research. The primary and secondary
of the study should be clearly stated. This is at times called the primary and
Methods section may include, as appropriate:
Subjects (samples) and methods, Patients and methods, Materials and methods
Components of the methodology which need to be mentioned as applicable are:
Study design, Study setting, Study duration, Sampling method &Sample size,
period, Inclusion and exclusion criteria, Identification of the methods and
and manufacturer's details.
The results should include the salient findings without analysis and statistical
be described in a simple manner to enable the audience/reader to judge the
of the analysis and results. References may be included where
Conclusion should be a brief summary of the study. A new hypothesis may be
determined by the research.
Conflict of Interest:
Any conflict of interest should be declared, which may include grants or
credits and promotions, memberships or any personal or professional
may appear to influence the manuscript. If there are no conflict of interests,
should still include this heading and write “none to declare.”
Ethical approval and Funding
For ethical approval, please mention Institutional review board name and number,
available. All sources of grant/fund received should be disclosed.